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【双语阅读:关于元宵节你应该知道的3件事】

来源:雅思天后刘薇  时间:2018-03-02 18:47:34

​​Three things you may not know about Lantern Festival

关于元宵节你应该知道的3件事情!


The Lantern Festival is atraditional Chinese festival with great significance, which is on the 15th ofthe first lunar month, marking the end of New Year celebrations. During theLantern Festival, children go out at night to temples carrying paper lanternsand solve riddles on the lanterns.

元宵节是一个极为重要的中国传统节日,它的时间为农历1月15日,标志着庆祝新年的结束。元宵节期间,孩子们会在晚上提着纸制灯笼逛庙会、猜灯谜。

Many Chinese holidays involvelanterns. But the Lantern Festival represents the epitome of this custom.

很多中国节日都与灯笼有关。但是元宵节代表着这一风俗的缩影。

The origins of Chinese lanterns

中国灯笼的起源

The origins of Chineselanterns reach back to the Stone Age. The coming of the Bronze Age saw thedevelopment of various kinds of worked metal lanterns, of which palace lanternswere the most ornate. Later, decorative lanterns came to be used in festivals.Various lantern festivals became quite popular during the Sui Dynasty (581-618), and during the Southern Song Dynasty (1127 -1279), the custom of writingriddles on lanterns emerged. During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), magnificentexhibitions of lanterns were held in the capital city.

中国灯笼的起源可追溯至石器时代。青铜时代的到来见证了各种制作好的金属灯笼的发展,其中宫殿灯笼是最为华丽的。随后,装饰性的灯笼在各大节日中得到使用。各种灯笼节日在隋朝(581-618)变得十分流行,南宋(1127-1279)时出现了写灯谜的风俗。清朝(1644-1911)期间,壮丽的灯笼展览在首都举行。

Eating small dumpling balls

吃元宵

Just as the name implies, animportant part of the Lantern Festival, or Yuan Xiao Festival, is to eat smalldumpling balls made of glutinous rice flour. We call these balls Yuan Xiao, orTang Yuan. Obviously, they get the name from the festival itself. Made ofsticky rice flour filled with sweet or salty stuffing and round in shape, thedumpling symbolizes family unity, completeness and happiness.

正如名字所言,元宵节的一个重要部分就是吃汤圆。我们称这些饭团为“元宵”或“汤圆”。很明显,它们因元宵节而得名。元宵由甜味或咸味填料的糯米粉制成,状为圆形,象征着家庭团聚、完整和快乐。

Guessing lantern riddles

猜灯谜

When it comes to the LanternFestival, "Guessing lantern riddles" is an essential component.Lantern owners will write riddles on a piece of paper and post them on thelanterns in advance. If visitors can answer the riddles, they can just pull thepaper out and go to the lantern owners to check their answers. If they areright, they will get a little gift. The activity emerged during the SongDynasty (960-1279). As riddle guessing is interesting and full of wisdom, ithas become popular among all social strata.

说到元宵节,“猜灯谜”是一个必不可少的组成部分。灯笼主人会在一张纸上写上谜语,并提前把它们张贴在灯笼上。如果游客能够猜出谜语,它们就能够取下这张纸,并向灯笼主人核实答案。如果对了,他们就会获得一份小礼物。猜灯谜出现于宋朝(960-1279)。因为猜灯谜很有意思,且充满智慧,它在所有阶层都很盛行。​​​​

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